chapter  18
24 Pages

Indonesia Hervita Diatri and Albert Maramis

Indonesia (van der Kroef, 1951) is the largest archipelagic country in the world, it consists of 17,508 islands that lie between two continents, Asia and Australia, and between two oceans, the Pacific and Indian. Because of this geographical position, Indonesia is also called ‘Nusantara’, which literally means ‘archipelago in between’ (Portal Nasional RI, 2010). The total area of Indonesia is 1,919,440 km2, which consists of land 1,826,440 km2 and water 93,000 km2 (Asian Center for the Progress of Peoples, 2007).