chapter  23
9 Pages

Where Ethics, Sustainability, and Spirituality Meet

The Holy Trinity or Dystopia of the Three Stooges?
WithTimothy Ewest

This chapter explores the connections between sustainability, ethics, and spirituality. The chapter argues that if there are innate universal characteristics to human nature, they may provide a constraint to unethical behavior as well as a means to guide human behavior. The chapter then illustrates the polarities of the understandings and theories of human nature, by delineating the classic debate between Foucault, representing an anti-essentialist perspective, and Chomsky, representing an essentialist perspective. The chapter resolves, by considering how prosocial research, which posits human values as an essential innate and universal quality of human nature, may act as a means to build a case for the connection between spirituality, sustainability, and ethics.