Summary and Conclusions
Education, as everything else, was up for more rigorous testing as management technologies, programme analysis review and planning-programming-budgeting systems put programmes, including some previously assumed to have been settled, under scrutiny. The economic and social values were more volatile and discontinuous as in the policies of expansion of higher education, and in the proposals of the Labour Government by which the education service might become more redistributive and egalitarian. The educational interest groups preserve the main continuities and appraise gaurdedly any discontinuous policy, whether it be curriculum development by the DES or a private foundation, or education for the disadvantaged, or the identification of the problems of immigrants. Educational interest groups, unlike industrial trade unions, are constrained by the managerial or quasi-managerial roles of their members. In theory, Parliament exists to promote pluralism. It should help to articulate and aggregate attitudes and beliefs.