chapter  3
23 Pages

The Objectives and Policies of Education, 1960—1974: A Classification

ByMaurice Kogan

This chapter explores how policies can be identified from published official and interview material. The classification of policies was related to four groups of value bases - educational, social, economic and institutional values. The chapter focuses on two characteristics important to discussion of policies: their institutional aspects and their relative continuity. Educational values and policies have developed a particular form and institutional framework because of the nature of the basic values themselves, and the technological ways in which they are expressed and put into effect. Economic values relate closely to some of the social values. Institutional values are particularly important in the analysis of educational policies and government because much of the activity of the main interest groups is taken up with their promotion. For this reason, it is too easy to assume that they are inherently defensive of professional or bureaucratic interests. The economy and manpower values are in a variable relationship with egalitarianism and personal freedom.