chapter  8
16 Pages

Agricultural education in nineteenth-century Hungary

106A response to the challenges of the “age of modern globalisation”
ByZsuzsi Kiss

This chapter deals with the issue of agricultural education in Hungary during the long nineteenth century, inquiring how far this served as a means of adaptation to new Euro-American standards shaped by the transnational processes associated with historical globalisation. To understand the transformations of agricultural education in late-eighteenth and nineteenth-century Hungary, this chapter focuses on the role of the imperial and Hungarian governments in recognising the importance of education as a possible tool for eliminating economic “backwardness.” After the 1867 Settlement (Ausgleich), the new Hungarian government restricted scientific research into only one institution – Magyaróvár – an academy accompanied by various research and experimental stations. Aside from this institution, the government’s goal was to deliver practical knowledge to a broad segment of the population engaged in agriculture. This was manifested in practice-oriented colleges in higher level education and in farming and tillage schools at the elementary level.