The Origins of Nationalism in East and Central Africa: The Zambian Case
The literature on the origins of African nationalism in Zambia is still sparse, despite Robert Rotberg's pioneering work, published in 1966. Although primary resistance is less important in Zambia than in neighbouring territories, the pattern of the subsequent first decades of colonial rule falls into line with the other East and Central African territories. By 1928 the control of copper mining was held by the South Africa-based Rhodesian Anglo-American Corporation and by the United States-based Rhodesian Selection Trust. The Lozi tradition of working in Southern Rhodesia and South Africa began as early as the 1890s, and ended only in 1967. In contrast with some other East and Central African territories, Zambia offered little or no primary resistance to the imposition of colonial rule, but in other respects the country resembled neighbouring territories in the first three decades of colonial rule.