This chapter focuses on the methods of the imposition of colonial rule upon the African people and on the nature of colonial administrations. It examines policies regarding "native chiefs," direct and indirect rule, and the policies of assimilation. By 1914 colonial regimes had crushed all resistance. The African resisters had underestimated the might and determination of those with whom they had chosen to do battle. With the defeat of the resisters, the colonial governments began to formulate philosophies and policies, such as "native" policies, land policies, and labor policies. After the second world war a fresh look was taken at African education in British Africa and new plans led to the foundation of university colleges which were in a special relationship with the University of London. The most remarkable thing about education and educational qualifications in Africa is the bewildering diversity of nomenclature, a factor which seems to have escaped the attention of scholars.