chapter  4
27 Pages

The Nonhuman Primate as a Reproductive Model for Man

ByW. Richard Dukelow

In reproductive physiology, there are three areas where baseline data can be applied for the benefit of all primates, human and nonhuman. These are improved breeding efficiency of production colonies; improved knowledge of reproductive physiology and biochemistry; and application of that knowledge to clinically important areas such as contraceptive and teratologic testing, in vitro fertilization, and embryo transfer. The stress of captivity, coupled with movement from subtemperate to temperate zones, alter the reproductive cycle of nonhuman primates. The majority of species show some degree of seasonality in the wild. Ovarian development correlates well between man and the higher primates, but some primative species retain remnants of embryonic structures into adult life. The development of fetal membranes has been extensively studied by Luckett to interpret the interrelationships among primates above the family level.