chapter  46
The Role of Beneficial Elements in Mitigation of Plant Osmotic Stress
WithMaryam Mozafariyan Meimandi, Noémi Kappel, Mohammad Pessarakli
Pages 6

The growth and yield of plants are affected by multiple factors, such as biotic and abiotic stresses, i.e., salinity, water stress, high and low extreme temperatures, heavy metals, and nutrient stress, which may cause a reduction in crop productivity.