Population Growth, Technological Change and Economic Development – The Indian Case, With A Critique Of Marxist Interpretation
This chapter discusses critique of Marxist interpretation of the nature and causes of persistence of underdevelopment in terms of population growth and technological change, using India as a case study. India's underdevelopment, began with its colonization and domination by the British capitalist economy. This capitalist colonization of India resulted in distortion of the course of India's economic life culminating in underdevelopment. The nature of India's underdevelopment in terms of Marxist perspectives needs to be discussed in the context of Marx's concept of the relationship between production and society, population growth and industrial technological change. K. Marx's main concern being the analysis of dynamics of capitalism, he discusses the effect which economic growth has on population on two separate assumptions. The chapter deals with underdevelopment of India in terms of Marx's prediction that "the Western bourgeoisie by the rapid development of all instruments of production by the immensely facilitated means of communication draws all even the most barbarian nations into civilisation".