Different Views on Global Citizenship Education
Globalization is the process of forging stronger links between different parts of the world under the umbrella of a particular ideology. For the specific idea of globalization, both these connecting links and the ideological framing of this development are crucial. An ideology of trade and a Western cultural and political tradition of rationality and cultural superiority were dominant in the globalization process of the 17th and 18th centuries. Globalization in the 17th and 18th centuries had in practice two faces: conquering and oppression. In the Western ideological perspective, the market economy is supported by liberalism in the personal sphere and in politics. The relevance of the distinction made in the types of citizenship and citizenship education is that it shows that at the different policy levels choices can be made, that choices have consequences for practices of citizenship education and that differences are grounded in different ideologies.