This chapter begins with some general remarks about the Christian theological perspective on evil. Augustine provides the classic statement of this Christian theological perspective on evil, one which was broadly accepted by theologians in the first half of the twentieth century, although with interesting qualifications. In broad terms, the Augustinian account of evil provided the basic framework for Christian theological perspectives on evil in the first half of the twentieth century. Where the revival of alternative myths of evil threatens to pull apart the Christian myth by exacerbating its internal tensions, one of the poles of contention is overemphasised, such that the dynamic instability of a tension tips over into a contradiction. Just as culture and religion are pulled apart and the opportunities for mutual engagement are denied, so too in the case of the question of evil, the contrasting tendencies towards theodicy and wisdom are wrenched asunder.