This conclusion presents some closing thoughts on the key concepts discussed in the preceding chapters of this book. The book provides a decidedly mixed view of the influence and impacts of the state's growth management approach on local development patterns, infrastructure provision, and local government finance. It finds that the economies of the state's largest cities have experienced no deleterious impacts related to growth management, with some evidence suggesting that these urban economies fared somewhat better than those of their peers in the 1990s. The book suggests that certain anti-sprawl policies function as exclusionary practices in many Florida counties. It illustrates that local governments have attempted to pay for growth using a variety of approaches. The book offers some limited evidence that growth management and comprehensive planning have made their mark on the state in positive, if limited ways. It also illustrates that low density sprawl still predominates in the state.