The social organisation of treason
This chapter provides the rise of anti-Hitler networks and a network analysis of the intersection of ties of treason and the overall structure of the secret ‘social circle’. It discusses the network from biographies, memoirs, and historical sources that include every plotter who participated in every plot from 1938 to 1944. The historical record indicates that actor social attributes such as membership in the military, civil service, or religious organisations, or as members of the aristocracy were resources for the plotters in the initial formation of the anti-Hitler networks. Exponential Random Graph Models are used to model endogenous network effects, exogenous actor attributes, and exogenous network effects on the likelihood of an edge in a dyad among conspirators. The exponential random graph-model shows that some of the plotters’ plot orientations and pre-existing social attributes partially contributed to the formation of the anti-Hitler networks of 1938 through 1945.