chapter  26
12 Pages

Caucasian chess or the greatest geopolitical tragedy of the twentieth century

WithLilia A. Arakelyan

The meaning of the concept of security is constantly changing due to technological progress and globalisation. Prior to discussing Moscow’s security policy in the Caucasus, it is useful to examine Russia’s security challenges from a historical perspective. Gavrila Derzhavin, Aleksandr Griboedov, Aleksandr Pushkin, Mikhail Lermontov, and Leo Tolstoy just to name a few prominent Russian writers and thinkers inspired by the rough natural beauty of the region, which they depicted in their work. After the end of the Cold War, the concepts of security and security threats underwent significant transformations due to the change from bipolarity to unipolarity, and more recently to multipolarity within the international system. Current Russian security policy in the Caucasus features the similar trends that were used before: the policy of prestige, leadership, and provocation. The South Caucasus during the last 30 years has mainly been associated with frozen conflicts. The region remains war-torn in Nagorno-Karabakh, Ossetia, and Abkhazia.