Family support, coping strategies and anxiety in cancer patients
This study aims to test the association between family support, coping strategies and anxiety at Dr. Pirngadi General Hospital, Medan. The samples are 102 cancer patients undergoing chemotherapy who were assessed, and the results of the bivariate analysis showed a significant positive association (p = 0.001 < 0.05) and strong correlation (r = 0.612) between family support and the Problem-Focused Coping (PFC) strategy, while there was a significant negative association (p = 0.001) and moderate correlation (r = - 0.462) with the Emotion-Focused Coping (EFC) strategy. A significant negative association (p = 0.001) and strong correlation (r = -0.646) was found between family support and anxiety. The multivariate analysis showed a dominant association (p = 0.001) between family support and the PFC strategy (Odds Ratio = 12.2), EFC (OR = 0.142) and anxiety (OR = 0.039). The conclusion was that there is an association between good family support and effective coping strategies and lower anxiety levels in cancer patients undergoing chemotherapy.