chapter  42
4 Pages

Cryptosporidium sp. findings in AIDS patients: A case report

WithD.M. Darlan, M.F. Rozi, R.H. Saragih

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Cryptosporidium sp. is a common intestinal parasite infecting immunocompromised patients. This organism causes chronic diarrhoea. Infection is related to the ingestion of oocyst-contaminated drinking water or food. For immunocompromised individuals, this infection could have a higher mortality and vary in clinical manifestation. We report on three patients, aged 33-40 years, suffering from chronic diarrhoea caused by Cryptosporidium sp. These patients were diagnosed with AIDS and a very low CD4 count (< 5%). The inadequacy of antiretroviral cause progressively decrease CD4 count according to host factors, it explains Cryptosporidium sp. is still a burden for AIDS patient, especially with very low CD4 count. There was no medication given to these patients including paromomycin or nitazoxanide, continuing antiretroviral therapy was the only medication given to patients. Diarrhoea frequency decreased after 8-10 days adminstration to hospital and discharge was done to these patients.