Relationship Between Habitual Snoring and Primary Enuresis in Children
Obstructive sleep disorder breathing is assumed to be associated with primary enuresis in children. Prolonged enuresis may cause developmental disorders, poor school performance and emotional disorders. A cross-sectional study was conducted in the Muara Batang Gadis district, North Sumatera in April 2016. The samples of the study were children aged from 5 to 14 years old. The Sleep Disturbance Scale for Children (SDSC) questionnaire was used for measuring the symptoms of sleep disorder breathing and the International Relationship Child and Adolescent Psychiatry and Allied Professions (IACAPAP) questionnaire for the presence of primary enuresis. Data were analysed using a chi-square test and logistic regression. The p-value of <0.05 was considered significant. Out of the 110 children, 27 (24.5%) snored more than three nights per week (habitual snorers), and 18 (16.4%) had primary enuresis. The habitual snorers with a history of primary enuresis outnumbered non-habitual snorers (9.1% versus 15.4%) with a p-value <0.05. There is a significant relationship between habitual snoring and primary enuresis.