chapter  4
The Geography of Organized Armed Violence around the World
ByErik Melander, David A. Backer, Eric Dunford
Pages 11

In the previous edition of the Peace and Conflict book series, Donnay and Bhavnani (2016) highlighted the increasing availability and utilization of detailed event data as one of the noteworthy recent developments contributing to the cutting edge of research on peace and conflict. As an emergent common practice, these event data are both geocoded – identifying the coordinates of where each event occurred, most often pinpointing to a sub-national level and even a precise location – and date specific. This geographic and temporal granularity contrasts with conflict data that are reported with the country-, dyad-, or group-year as the unit of observation, on which many scholars in the field have traditionally relied. Thus, empirical studies using the existing event datasets have progressed to the stage of being well positioned to undertake more disaggregate analysis, employing study designs that reach closer to capturing where and when dynamics of conflict are actually theorized and observed to happen.