In The Dark Side of Democracy, Michael Mann (2005) disturbingly claimed that the democratization processes of the nineteenth and twentieth centuries had paved the way for large-scale ethnic cleansing. Mann’s book may be said to reflect a more general shift in the literature on democracy and democratization. The 1990s had been democracy’s Belle Époque, both on the ground and within academia. After a somewhat slow beginning in Southern Europe and Latin America, democracy in this decade spread like wildfire, accompanied by high hopes for progress in terms of peace, freedom, and prosperity (Møller and Skaaning 2013). Alas, the enthusiasm was not to last, neither on the ground nor within academia. The first decades of the 2000s have seen a widespread pessimism about the auspicious effects of democracy and democratization.