Transhumance in the mountains of northern Tuscany (Italy)
The "Da Canossa a Luni" project began in 2008, promoted by the University of Pisa and supported by various other institutions. The main objective of the project involves the study of mobility within and between this mountainous region from late antiquity to the medieval period. The recent publication of the e-book by Alessandra Martinelli offers a wide examination of transhumance in Tuscany from medieval times until today. The rocky mass of the Apuan Alps occupies the far northwestern region of Tuscany and faces the Ligurian-Thyrrhenian Sea. Transhumant livestock mostly consisted of sheep, although cattle, goats, horses and pigs were also driven in this way. Vinca is a rather large medieval hamlet located in a generally steep valley at about 800 meters above sea level. It is surrounded by rocky peaks measuring up to 1,800 meters, which today feature a number of climbing routes that are well known among Italian practitioners.