The Functional Architecture of the Brain
This chapter deals with the invention of computerized tomography scanner, which offered researchers the ability to reconstruct images of a body in transverse sections. These scanners used X-radiation to generate images of the anatomical structure of the brain with remarkable clarity and without necessitating the physical penetration of the skull. The field of functional neuroimaging is in a state of rapid technical development. The data derived from different scanning methods are often complementary, and there is much evidence to suggest that this state of affairs will continue, thereby providing a wide range of improved tools for the exploration of the functional architecture of the human brain. The chapter concludes, on the basis of results to date, that it is possible to embark on research into the functional architecture of the living human brain that goes beyond descriptive "neophrenology".