globalization.com vs. ecologicaljustice.org: Contesting the End of History
This chapter explores the relationship between the process of globalization and the concept of ecological justice, with particular concern for disadvantaged peoples, future generations, and for Nature. Globalization is variously considered as a process entirely coexistent with the long sweep of history; as accompanying the process of modernization and capitalism, with a recent acceleration; or coeval with the post-industrial, postmodern, or contemporary phase of capitalism. Capitalism's ability to create markets where none previously existed is one of its most remarkable features and this capacity has reached unprecedented realms. Economic growth in developing nations, facilitated by globalization and free trade initiatives, has generally failed to cause improving environmental conditions. Commitment to economic growth lies at the heart of globalization, a condition that cannot be made compliant with the values of ecological justice. Environmentalists are rightly troubled by globalization: it degrades ecological entities and processes; promotes ecological injustice; and impoverishes future prospects for the flourishing of Nature and civic society.