chapter  2
18 Pages

Ecology, Justice, and the End of Development

WithWolfgang Sachs

In light of the concept, the essence of sustainability is to be found in a particular relationship between people and people rather than between people and nature. The Four Point Program of technical assistance, according to President Harry Truman in his Memoirs, "aimed at enabling millions of people in underdeveloped areas to raise themselves from the level of colonialism to self-support and ultimate prosperity". Fusing an ecological and a social notion of space, the concept of environmental space therefore captures the two central concerns of sustainability at once, the concern for ecology and the concern for equity. It is often overlooked that environmental consumption on the part of the rich, globally and nationally, has an enormous bearing on the possibilities for achieving greater social justice. The expectation that justice will be brought about through development is deeply engrained in the post-war political discourse.