chapter  21
13 Pages

Evidence of Changes in Employment, Labor Force Participation, and Unemployment FINIS WELCH


Finis Welch

There are too many empirical studies to do justice even to those I do know. I essentially ignore earlier work, which was surveyed in a study by John Peterson and Charles Stewart and in a paper by Hyman Kaitz.1 Many of the studies they discuss were excellent in their own time, but they have been supplanted by more recent evidence. My dis­ cussion is limited to studies of national impact and to those I feel have contributed significantly either to the measurement of the effects as we now understand them or to the current debate. Many are omitted here because I consider them too poorly specified to convey important in­ formation. Others are omitted because effects are limited to a single industry or area.