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A person may not become a litigation friend for either a child or patient, whether by court order or under any other entitlement, unless he satisfies the following conditions: • he can fairly and competently conduct proceedings on behalf of the child

or patient; • he has no interest adverse to that of the child or patient; and • where the child or patient is a claimant, he undertakes to pay any costs

which the child or patient may be ordered to pay in relation to the proceedings (subject to any right he may have to be repaid from the assets of the child or patient) (r 21.4(3)).