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Reconstructive urology

A particular branch of urology which has developed with the increasing knowledge of benign disorders of the urinary tract in general, and the bladder in particular, has prompted the development of specialist centres for the surgical reconstruction of the urinary tract. Reconstructive urology is particularly involved in the management of disorders of bladder function in general and of urinary incontinence in particular. Though reconstructive surgery is required in certain situations of surgical treatment of malignant disease, particularly of the bladder, its major role is in bladder reconstruction for benign disorder. Reconstructive urology is closely associated with the particular investigation of urodynamics – the measurement of pressure gradients within the urinary tract.