is still close in a number of areas. The crime of public nuisance will give rise to a damages action in tort if the plaintiff suffers special damage (see Mint v Good, p 675) and the breach of a criminal statute may give also rise to a damages claim in certain circumstances (see pp 758–60). A person who suffers damage, injury or loss while involved in a criminal activity may be prevented from recovering compensation either in contract or in tort; much will depend upon the circumstances (see, for example, Geismar v Sun Alliance Insurance, p 602). Consider some examples. D shoots P, a burglar who has just broken into D’s house: can P sue D for his injuries? P contracts with D for D to transport P’s very heavy piece of machinery from Liverpool to London and on the way the lorry crashes as a result of being overloaded: can P sue for his badly damaged machine if he acquiesced in the overloading? P, very drunk, encourages D, also very drunk, to drive badly; if the car crashes and P is injured, can he sue D? (c) Contract
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Lord Diplock: The law of contract is part of the law of obligations. The English law of obligations is about their sources and the remedies which the court can grant to the obligee for a failure by the obligor to perform his obligation voluntarily. Obligations which are performed voluntarily require no intervention by a court of law. They do not give rise to any cause of action.