INFLAMMATORY CONDITIONS OF THE LARYNX IN ADULTS AND CHILDREN ACUTE LARYNGITIS
Acute laryngitis is primarily a viral infection occurring as part of a head cold. Where it is mild and the voice is rested during the inevitable phase of acute hoarseness, recovery is generally rapid and complete. Where it is more serious, and particularly where hard voice use is continued despite the hoarseness, the condition may become protracted. Secondary bacterial infection of the larynx may supervene and require antibiotic treatment. In general, there is little pain with acute laryngitis on its own, although associated inflammation of the tonsils or pharynx may be intensely painful. The hoarseness may be severe, particularly at the beginning of the day. Voice rest and an adequate fluid intake are important in treatment, and inhalation of steam may be of some value. Antibiotics will generally be prescribed if the hoarseness persists for more than a few days.