chapter  4
Beyond cognitive-behaviouralism? Reflections on the effectiveness literature
BySue Rex
Pages 20

My aim in this chapter is to discuss what might be needed to help people stop offending beyond cognitive-behavioural programmes. Recognising the value of teaching cognitive skills, I nonetheless raise questions about the effective implementation and evaluation of these approaches (and their applicability to female offenders). For rehabilitative programmes to be effective, I argue, there is at least an equally pressing need to pay attention to offenders’ social environments, and the normative processes that support non-offending choices. In the final section of the chapter, I move on to a discussion of the rehabilitative potential of Community Service, which offers what might be seen as a somewhat ‘sideways’ approach to tackling offending behaviour.