chapter  3
24 Pages

Urban Agriculture as a Livelihood Strategy in Lima, Peru

ByLuis Maldonado Villavicencio

This study was a component of the baseline of the project entitled ‘Agricultores en la Ciudad’ (Farmers in the City), carried out by the Urban Harvest Program hosted by the International Potato Center (CIP). This research used the neighbourhood of Carapongo, in the city of Lima, capital of Peru, as a case study. Lima has a population of more than seven million people and, like many Latin American cities, has a high concentration of urban poverty along with rampant and chaotic urban sprawl. At present, approximately 3.3 million poor people live in the city. Poverty in Peru has become a problem with a distinctly urban face. The explosive growth of Lima can be traced to 1940 when people migrated from rural areas to the capital in search of better living and working conditions. Growth occurred largely through the illegal occupation of both privately and publicly owned uncultivated lands.