The Social and Economic Implications of Urban Agriculture on Food Security in Harare, Zimbabwe Charity Mutonodzo
For decades, poverty, food insecurity and malnutrition in Africa were viewed as largely rural problems (Maxwell et al, 2000); however, the population of many African countries, including Zimbabwe, is becoming more urban. The urban population in Africa grew from 27 to 38 per cent between 1980 and 2000, and is expected to reach nearly 50 per cent by 2020 (WRI, 1999). Unfortunately, the urbanization of the continent does not mean economic opportunity and prosperity for the majority of Africans. On the contrary, global poverty is becoming more African, more urban and more feminine. Fifty per cent of the world’s poor and 40 per cent of Africa’s poor live in urban areas (Rabinovitch, 1999).