Urban Agriculture and Food Security in Lilongwe and Blantyre, Malawi
Despite continued economic growth around the world, food insecurity remains a pressing problem in many parts of Africa (Garrett and Ruel, 1999; Maxwell, 1999; Mougeot, 2005a; UN-HABITAT, 2006). For example, the World Food Programme (FAO, 2001) and Food and Agriculture Organisation (FAO, 2003) both estimate that approximately 800 million people are unable to obtain an adequate and secure supply of food year round. The FAO (2002) further estimates that about 33 per cent of people in sub-Saharan Africa are undernourished. The UN-HABITAT (2006) reports that the percentage of urban residents in sub-Saharan Africa is expected to rise from 30 to 47 per cent of the total population. This will bring about new and very severe challenges for urban policy, especially when trying to ensure household food security (Huddad et al, 1998).