6 Pages


To date, it has not been clear whether vegetable production sites irrigated with contaminated water have also been affected by heavy metals (HM) and enteric pathogens to the same magnitude. Information about plant uptake of HM, patterns of water quality in the river basin and causes and sources of contaminants are lacking, as well as farmers’ awareness of the risks inherently involved in their work. Furthermore, there are significant public health risks associated with food consumption where urban agriculture (UA) and peri-urban agriculture (UPA) use contaminated water. Given the lack of information on related health risks, this study was initiated to assess and provide guidance to stakeholders at different levels, from producers to consumers.