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Concepts, Objectives and Hypothesis

Kinshasa occupies 9965.2 km2, of which only 600 km2 is residential land, indicating that the city has a vast peri-urban area where urban development has yet to occur (de Saint-Moulin, 1976; INS, 1991). The city is divided into 24 communes and has a population of five million (Ministe`re du Plan, 2004), including more than 40,000 market gardeners.