Measuring, monitoring and veriﬁcation of carbon beneﬁts for forest-based projects
Many forest-based projects have been developed and are currently under various stages of implementation. Much experience has been gained from these projects with respect to measuring, monitoring, and accounting for the carbon beneﬁts derived from them. Focusing on carbon simpliﬁes project development because the problem is reduced to calculating the net diﬀerences between carbon stocks for the ‘with-project’ and the ‘without-project’ conditions (also referred to as the business-as-usual baseline) on the same piece of land over a speciﬁed time period. The challenge is to identify which carbon stocks need to be quantiﬁed in the project, to measure them accurately to a known, and often predetermined, level of precision, and to monitor them over the length of the project.