chapter  3
19 Pages

The Characteristics of Community Participation in China

ByJanelle Plummer, John G Taylor

Community participation in China arises from a complex canvas of historical, political, institutional, social and cultural realities and histories. As outlined in Chapter 2, the processes taking place in projects and programmes today are made possible by a number of important reforms and shifts in development policy in China in recent years. These include, among others, the rural reforms of the 1980s that shifted the onus of production from the commune to the household, the introduction of democratic elections in village governance, and, more generally, policies that enabled rapid socio-economic reform to take hold. Each of these factors has created space for the development of participatory processes.2