chapter
4 Pages

Introduction

A common, but usually tacit, thread in critiques of industrialised development is that its monumental waste, environmental degradation and social dislocation is a manifestation of poor systems design. These systems have been perpetuated by academic and professional ideologies. Many of the impediments to sustainable development are embedded in the paradigms and processes of the planning, design and construction fields, and even reform proposals often reflect the premises that they purport to challenge. In fact, industrial designers, landscape/building architects, and urban planners have not been seen as environmental managers - although their decisions directly impact the environment. The planning, organisation and design of the built environment has enormous geo-political implications that can cancel out both environmental policy and advances in ecological literacy and citizenship. The design fields remain apolitical and unconcerned with the distributional impacts of design as they affect the health of humans and ecosystems.