Stockholm: The founding of IIED Maurice Strong
IIED began as the International Institute for Environmental Affairs, established on the initiative of Robert O Anderson who was its Chairman and principal source of funding. ‘Bob’ Anderson was a prominent figure in the oil and gas industry, and his company was involved in the extraction of oil from Alaska’s Prudhoe Bay. The construction of the pipeline from Prudhoe Bay was much delayed, and made more costly, by the controversy surrounding environmental impacts on the sensitive Arctic terrain and wildlife. This experience impressed Anderson with the emerging importance of the environment and its impact on resource development, and his company began to accommodate environmental concerns in development plans.