Strategies, plans, impacts and people: IIED’s role in changing the world of planning and environmental assessment
The concept of sustainable development began to take shape during the 1980s. Following from the writings of Barbara Ward, the 1980 World Conservation Strategy pushed for the integration of environment and conservation values in development. In 1987, the report of the Brundtland Commission1 also promoted closer links between environment and development and emphasized issues of social and economic sustainability. Brundtland defined sustainable development as ‘development that meets the needs of the present without compromising the ability of future generations to meet their own needs’.