Agriculture: Improving Governance for Food Security and Agriculture
The 2002 World Summit on Sustainable Development (WSSD) did not shy from discussing problems of governance at the level of national institutions and policies. The Johannesburg Plan of Implementation (JPOI) that emerged from the summit correctly emphasized in section I (4) the lead role of ‘good governance within each country’. It elaborated this point in section IX (146):
This emphasis on governance solutions country by country is particularly important in the area of food security and agriculture. Globalization has increased the need for global governance in most sectors; but despite globalization the causes of hunger and low farm productivity remain more local than global. The causes of environmentally unsustainable farming are also primarily local or national, rather than global. The improved governance that is needed to solve these problems must therefore be primarily local or national as well.