chapter  5
12 Pages

Shifting Scales and the Co-production of Green Grids

The cases of environmental innovation in utility sectors discussed so far indicate a diversification in the ‘scales’ of technological systems that are utilized in the generation, storage and use of energy, water or waste services. Along with these developments, modes of organization seem to be shifting from highly centralized top-down arrangements towards more decentralized management strategies, involving intermediate actors and end-consumers.