Forest Fire Management and Autonomy in the Republic of Korea
In the Republic of Korea (the oﬃcial name of South Korea), decentralization has had signiﬁcant eﬀects on tree volume, land use and, most signiﬁcantly, forest ﬁres. Massive forest ﬁres have caused considerable environmental damage and adversely aﬀected the social, economic and cultural aspects of forest sustainability at both local and national levels. The central government has now strengthened arson laws and ﬁre preparedness, prevention and suppression, and integrated incident command guidelines have been developed to ensure cooperation between the central and local governments. The central government has taken more responsibility for natural resource conservation, but in the future, systematic cooperation among the central government, local governments and communities will be required to improve natural resource management.