The farmer-driven Landcare Movement: An institutional innovation with implications for extension and research Dennis Garrity
Watershed degradation does not have to be an inevitable consequence of using sloping land for agriculture. Smallholders can farm and manage natural forest resources in a manner that is both productive and resource conserving. Awareness of this fact has focused attention on evolving approaches to watershed resource management that are demand-driven and community-based. In such approaches, those who occupy the land actively participate in managing and sustainably using their local watershed resources for multiple purposes. Watershed farming systems are enormously variable, and simple recipes do not solve their problems. Often, the issues need to be tackled at a larger scale than the individual household, cooperatively at the community level.