Regulating Management and Concession Contracts for the Poor
The four case studies in Chapter 6 consider economic regulation of a variety of PPPs, ranging from a limited form of concession in Jakarta, Indonesia, full concessions in Manila, the Philippines and La Paz and El Alto in Bolivia to a much shorter management contract in Amman, Jordan. The main service providers have subsequently changed in each of these cities. This has been due to non-renewal at the end of the contract in Amman, cancellation of the concession in Le Paz and El Alto and changes of ownership in one of the two concessionaires in Manila (following failure of the national 65 per cent partner) and Jakarta (a withdrawal from international business by the operator). However, the role of regulator has continued and the need for services to be extended to the poor remains equally strong.