Emergency Planning for Industrial Crises: An Overview
Serious industrial accidents come as surprises. As the 20th century winds down its final dozen years, the likes of Seveso, Bhopal, Mexico City and Chernobyl will catch society unaware and trigger, again, by now predictable responses. Whereas catastrophic events are invariably unanticipated, accidents that threaten the public are commonplace. In the US alone, a warning notifies the public of an industrial accident about once a day and several evacuations occur each week (Sorensen et al, 1987, p1). Moreover, some of the thousands of shipments of hazardous materials that move each day by truck, rail, air, barge and ship inevitably spawn transportation accidents that require emergency response.