chapter  1
20 Pages

Introduction – Graham Dutfield

Intellectual property rights (IPRs) have never been more economically and politically important than they are in today’s so called ‘knowledge-based society’. Neither have they ever been so controversial. IPRs are frequently mentioned in discussions and debates on such diverse topics as trade, investment, technology transfer, industrial policy, public health, food security, education, human rights and the widening gap between the income levels of the developed countries and the developing countries.