chapter  14
12 Pages

Emerging Volcano and Geothermal Related Tourism in Iceland

ByR. Dowling

Nowhere on Earth is such a showcase of volcanic features found (Harlow, 2008) and on average there are eruptions occurring every four to five years (Guðmundsson, 2007). The volcanoes include Hekla, Eldgjá and Eldfell and the eruption of Laki in 1783-1784 caused dust clouds and haze to appear over most of Europe and parts of Asia and Africa for months after the eruption. Recent eruptions have included the new island of Surtsey, which rose above the ocean in a series of volcanic eruptions between 1963 and 1968. A second occurred on the island of Heimaey in 1973 which produced the new red cinder cone Eldfell, and a third is Hekla which produced a series of powerful earthquakes which shook the country in 2000.