chapter
Diamonds in war, diamonds for peace: Diamond sector management and kimberlite mining in Sierra Leone
WithKazumi Kawamoto
Pages 26

During Sierra Leone’s civil war (1991-2002), the country’s diamonds became famous-not for their high quality, but because they were “blood diamonds,” gems that were traded and smuggled in support of a brutal and protracted civil war. Widely viewed as having both funded and prolonged the war (Maconachie and Binns 2007b; Smillie, Gberie, and Hazelton 2000; Reno 1997; Hirsch 2001), diamonds are today a key resource in the country’s post-conflict reconstruction.