chapter  2
16 Pages

Vulnerability to Climate Risks

Bangladesh is indeed a hydraulic civilization situated at the confluence of three great rivers – the Ganges, the Brahmaputra and the Meghna. Over 90 per cent of the Ganges-Brahmaputra-Meghna (GBM) basin lies outside the boundaries of the country. The extensive floodplains at the confluence are the main physiographic feature of the country. The country is intersected by more than 200 rivers; there are 54 rivers that enter Bangladesh from India alone. Moreover, more than 80 per cent of the annual precipitation of the country occurs during the monsoon period between June and September. These hydro-meteorological characteristics of the three river basins are unique and make the country vulnerable to a range of

climate risks, including severe flooding and periodic droughts.